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Monumental trees in the Hortus Botanicus in Leiden

Here 51 trees are described in the Hortus Botanicus in Leiden.

The Hortus Botanicus Leiden is the oldest surviving botanic garden in the Netherlands and was founded in 1590 at the Rapenburg in Leiden and owned by the university. The garden is open on the side of the Witte Singel and therefore to see free from street and / or water (by boat). The garden has been open from the beginning to the public, something that was an exception especially in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The garden has been expanded over the years and recently (2013), the Observatory has been added to the garden. The front yard is the most authentic part.

Renowned is the imposing giant water lily (Victoria amazonica) which blooms spectacular one a year. There are quite a lot from Japan derived plants in greenhouses, but also special Japanese trees, such as the two Zelkova's, the Japanese horse chestnut, several Acers and Malus toringo (Siebold) the Vriese.

The Japanese influence in the botanical garden is attributable to the originally born in 1796 German physician von Siebold who settled in the Netherlands after his law studies at the Universiteti of Würzburg. He served as surgeon major in the Dutch army in Indonesia. From there, he explored Japan and brought much knowledge from Japan to the Netherlands. He brought japanese trees and plants to the botanical garden and a collection of art objects at his house at the Rapenburg after 1832. In 1829 he settled in Leiden, after he was put out of Japan, because he owned a collection of maps.

At present there is a Siebold Museum of Japanese art at the Rapenburg.

The trees

Direct bij binnenkomst van de hortus:

Specimen Girth Height
Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) "6012" 3.02 m @ 1.50 m 18.80 m
Common laburnum (Laburnum anagyroides) "16205" ? ?

Achter de victoriakas aan het water:

Specimen Girth Height
Southern catalpa (Catalpa bignonioides) "3085" 3.70 m @ 1.30 m 9.80 m
Tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) "12384" 2.81 m @ 1.30 m 15.00 m
Japanse schijniep (Japanese zelkova "6013") 2.80 m @ 90 cm 20.00 m
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) "12373" 2.48 m @ 1.30 m~ 4.00 m
American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) "14499" 2.29 m @ 70 cm 18.20 m
E. acuminata (Ehretia acuminata) "16225" 1.35 m @ 1.30 m 13.60 m
Goldenrain tree (Koelreuteria paniculata) "19615" 1.14 m @ 1.30 m ?

Bij de Sterrenwacht:

Specimen Girth Height
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) "12366", 'Atropunicea' 4.37 m @ 1.30 m 25.80 m
Yew (Taxus baccata) "12367" 2.89 m @ 1.30 m 14.22 m
Paperbark maple (Acer griseum) "17487" ? 18.80 m
Kentucky coffeetree (Gymnocladus dioicus) "16206" ? ?

Langs singel, na Siebold tuin:

Specimen Girth Height
Horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) "1971" 5.75 m @ 1.30 m 22.80 m
London plane (Platanus × hispanica) "12368" 3.98 m @ 1.30 m 17.80 m
Pagoda tree (Styphnolobium japonicum) "3243" 3.68 m @ 1.30 m 18.40 m
Vine-leafed maple (Acer cissifolium) "12385" 2.51 m @ 20 cm 8.00 m
Hazelnut leaved birch (Betula corylifolia) "15878" 1.61 m @ 1.30 m 14.40 m
Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) "12723" 1.32 m @ 1.30 m ?
Sieboldappel (Toringo crabapple "12386") ? ?

Tussen entree en kassen:

Specimen Girth Height
Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) "1752" 4.40 m @ 1.30 m 21.40 m
Bald cypress (Taxodium distichum) "1868" 3.68 m @ 1.30 m 21.80 m
Date-plum (Diospyros lotus) "1934" 3.51 m @ 1.30 m 8.40 m
Northern whitecedar (Thuja occidentalis) "12495" 2.21 m @ 1.00 m 16.80 m
Honey locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) "15884" 2.19 m @ 1.30 m 17.80 m
Yew (Taxus baccata) "3062", 'Fastigiata' 2.07 m @ 1.30 m ?
Kobushi magnolia (Magnolia kobus) "17489" 1.50 m @ 1.30 m 9.40 m
Kousa dogwood (Cornus kousa) "12378" ? ?
Lebanon cedar (Cedrus libani) "16226" ? 14.40 m

Centraal. Notentuin,arboretum na Rosarium:

Specimen Girth Height
Narrow-leafed ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) "3735" 4.18 m @ 20 cm 18.80 m
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) "3113", 'Aspleniifolia' 4.10 m @ 1.30 m 17.00 m
Japanese horse chestnut (Aesculus turbinata) "2061" 3.68 m @ 1.30 m 15.20 m
Yew (Taxus baccata) "12497" 3.37 m @ 1.30 m 10.60 m
European beech (Fagus sylvatica) "6056", 'Pendula' 3.33 m @ 1.30 m 14.04 m
Sieboldwalnoot (Japanese walnut "3736") 3.16 m @ 1.30 m 13.20 m
Black pine (Pinus nigra) "6057", subsp. nigra 2.83 m @ 1.30 m 22.80 m
Pond cypress (Taxodium distichum imbricatum) "12365" 2.75 m @ 1.30 m 19.20 m
Katsura tree (Cercidiphyllum japonicum) "12547" 2.73 m @ 1.00 m 10.40 m
Lebanon oak (Quercus libani) "3746" 1.96 m @ 1.30 m 17.00 m
Dove tree (Davidia involucrata) "17485" 1.03 m @ 1.30 m 10.00 m

Zuidelijk deel, achterin de tuin:

Specimen Girth Height
Wych elm (Ulmus glabra) "13246", 'Exoniensis' 3.02 m @ 1.30 m 17.60 m
Large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos) "12507", subsp. asplenifolia 2.08 m @ 1.30 m 15.80 m
Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata) "12382" 1.85 m @ 1.30 m 14.00 m
Japanese maple (Acer palmatum) "12509" 1.38 m @ 80 cm 8.20 m
Sikkim crabapple (Malus sikkimensis) "17486", subsp. (wenz.) koehne ? 12.80 m

Centraal van singel naar achtertuin, de varentuin.:

Specimen Girth Height
Caucasian wingnut (Pterocarya fraxinifolia) "2062" 5.85 m @ 1.30 m 19.20 m
Snow pear (Pyrus nivalis) "12498" 2.01 m @ 1.30 m~ 12.50 m
Leyland cypress (Cupressus × leylandii) "17488" ? 21.20 m

Bij het begin van de systeemtuin:

Specimen Girth Height
Dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides) "12506" 2.51 m @ 1.30 m 20.80 m
Yew (Taxus baccata) "12511", 'Fastigiata' ? ?

Rand systeemtuin:

Specimen Girth Height
Yew (Taxus baccata) "16208", 'Fastigiata' ? ?

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Hortus Botanicus, picture by Wim Brinkerink

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Achter de victoriakas aan het water

Hortus Botanicus, picture by Wim Brinkerink

Hortus Botanicus, picture by Wim Brinkerink, 2010-11-16

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Tulip tree (Liriodendron tulipifera) "6012"

Hortus Botanicus, picture by Wim Brinkerink, 2013-06-05

Hortus Botanicus, picture by Wim Brinkerink

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References

Monumental trees in Leiden
Monumental trees in South Holland
Monumental trees in the Netherlands

 

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